Journeys of the Great Explorers: Columbus to CookИздательство:
Prof. Glyndwr WilliamsГод:
7 hours and 21 mins
Located in the heart of Israel, Jerusalem is the center for the spiritual world's three largest religions. Throughout its millennia-old history, Jerusalem has been known by many names: Salem, Zion, Hierosolymae, Al-Quds and others, and no city has ever been in more dispute.
In scripture, the city's history began nearly 4,000 years ago, when Abraham met Melchizedek, King of Salem. Its significance as a "holy land" is evident by the number of religions that call it their spiritual home. Jews, Christians, and Muslims have struggled for its possession. In the 26 times a new group took over leadership of the city, the "City of Peace" has seen very little of its namesake, even through modern times, and 35 times it was at least partially destroyed.
In light of the volatile nature of the Middle East, and today's ongoing conflicts, it is important that we understand why Jews, Christians, and Muslims all lay claim to Jerusalem. Through an in-depth study of the various holy sites in Jerusalem, you'll begin to see which are considered sacred and to whom. And through an investigation of Mark Twain's The Innocents Abroad, you will see the many different perspectives of pilgrims in days of long ago, and even today.
Lecture 1 The World Before Columbus
Lecture 2 The Voyages of Christopher Columbus
Lecture 3 The Voyage of Vasco da Gama and the “Sea Road” to the East
Lecture 4 The First Circumnavigation: The Voyage of Ferdinand Magellan
Lecture 5 The Second Circumnavigation: The Voyage of Francis Drake
Lecture 6 The Tools of Discovery
Lecture 7 Life at Sea
Lecture 8 Voyages of Delusion: The Search for the Northwest Passage
Lecture 9 The Pacific Ocean: The Great Unknown
Lecture 10 The “Rambling Voyages” of William Dampier
Lecture 11 Vitus Bering and the Russian Discovery of America
Lecture 12 The Pacific Voyages of James Cook
Lecture 13 The Revolution in Navigation and Health
Lecture 14 The World After Cook