Название: God Wills It!: Understanding the Crusades
Издательство: Recorded Books
Автор: Professor Thomas F. Madden
Размер: 212 Mb
Продолжительность: 8 hours and 14 mins
As late as 1518, plans were laid by Pope Leo X and the monarchs of Europe to set aside their internal quarrels and once more embark on a holy crusade to wrest the Middle East from the Ottoman Turks. Finding accord and even enthusiasm for the enterprise, all was on course for a multiyear military campaign to push east from North Africa through Egypt and south through the Balkans to squeeze the Turks in a pincer movement and finally oust the Muslims from the Holy Land. The great plan, however, died when Europe was once again plunged into internal strife with the death of Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I, who had been a leader for the crusade.
For over 400 years, crusaders ("those signed by the cross"), out of Christian zeal, a declared love for their fellow man, and, in many cases, a simple desire for fortune, glory, and heavenly reward, marched to the Holy Land to battle both a real and perceived threat to their way of life and their religious beliefs. The story of the many crusades are filled with an unremitting passion to keep or return the home of Christianity to Christians. It is also filled with death, destruction, disorder, greed, avarice, and self-interest on all sides. Much of what occurred during the Crusades has come down to us today in the form of continued suspicion among religious ideologies - not only between Christians and Muslims, but also internally among Christian sects and, to some degree, among Muslim sects. There is certainly much to learn about our own history from a better understanding of the Crusades and what led so many to crusade.
Lecture 1 The Medieval Background of the Crusades
Lecture 2 Islam: Faith, Culture, Empire
Lecture 3 Pope Urban II and the Calling of the First Crusade
Lecture 4 The First Crusade
Lecture 5 What Were the Crusades? Who Were the Crusaders?
Lecture 6 The Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem
Lecture 7 The Second Crusade
Lecture 8 The Third Crusade
Lecture 9 The Fourth Crusade
Lecture 10 Crusades in Europe
Lecture 11 The Fifth Crusade
Lecture 12 The Crusades of St. Louis
Lecture 13 The Fall of the Crusader States
Lecture 14 Later Crusades and the Legacy of the Crusades