04  мар

Shotgun One - Armed Forces of Indonesia скачать

Название: Shotgun One - Armed Forces of Indonesia
Автор: Коллектив авторов
Издательство: Kerry Plowright
Страниц: 37
Формат: PDF
Размер: 50,8 Мб
Качество: Хорошее
Язык: Английский
Год издания: 2008
Для сайта: Bukvy.net

During the Suharto era, the military had a "dual function" (dwifungsi in Indonesian); first, it would preserve the internal and external security of the country, preserving it as a unified nation, and second, it would ensure that government policy followed a path that the military leadership felt was wise. This justified substantial military interference in politics. Long-time president Suharto was an army general, and was strongly supported by most of the military establishment. Traditionally a significant number of cabinet members had military backgrounds, while active duty and retired military personnel occupied a large number of seats in the legisalture. Commanders of the various territorial commands played influential roles in the affairs of their respective regions. Indonesia has not had a substantial conflict with its neighbours since the 1963-1965 confrontation with Malaysia, although competing South China Sea claims, where Indonesia has large natural gas reserves, concern the Indonesian government. Without a credible external threat in the region, the military's primary role in practice has been to assure internal security. Military leaders now say they wish to transform the military to a professional, external security force, but acknowledge that the armed forces will continue to play an internal security role for some time.


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