04  мар

El Sid and the Reconquista скачать


Авторы: коллектив
Издательство: London
Год: 2008
Кол-во страниц: 210
Формат: pdf
Размер: 28 Мб
Язык: Английский

If the Muslim conquest of Spain can be traced back to 711, there is a good claim that the Christian reconquest of the peninsula started just 11 years later with a small but symbolic victory over the Moors at Covadonga. This picturesque town in the heart of what is now the hiking and climbing region of Asturias – a gateway into Los Picos de Europa but a fascinating and beautiful place to visit in its own right - contains the tomb of Pelayo, one of the foremost heroes of the Reconquest, or Reconquista. The struggle to drive the Muslims out of Spain, though, was to take more than 700 years, until Granada fell in 1492. It truly was a tortuous process, complicated by the high degree of integration between Muslims and Christians in many parts of the country and also by the fact that the Christian states were often as much at war with each other as they were with the Muslims. However, a significant step was taken in 740 when the Arabs were distracted by a Berber uprising elsewhere and the Kingdom of the Asturians, established by King Pelayo, annexed the coastal region to its west – Galicia. By 757, although Pelayo himself was now dead, the Christians occupied nearly a quarter of the entire Peninsula.

Материалы издания дают краткий очерк войны на Пиренеях испанцев с арабами. Гонения на мусульман, иудеев, инквизиция, войны и рыцарские ордена. Эпоха рождения Испанского королевства.

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